Chervil Herb – Uses and Cultivation
In this post we will discuss the qualities, production and uses of Chervil herb. Chervil has warmth giving qualities. The taste and fragrance slowly and subtly fills the senses just like warmth. It belongs to the family Apiaceae (Umbilliferae). It’s cheering and warm fragrance is easily noticeable even in the background. Because of the similarity in essential oil contents of Chervil and Myrrh (given to Jesus), it was previously called Myrhis. It also became the traditional holy drink (Chervil soup) which was served on Holy Thursday.
Chervil herb is called many different names in different countries: Maqdunis afranji in Arbaic, San lo po in Chinese, Korvel in Danish, Kervel in Dutch, garden chervil or French parsley in English, Cerefolio in Esperanto, Maustekirveli in Finnish, Cerfenil in French, Aed-harakputk, Harakputk in Estonian, Kerbel, Gartenkerbel, Franzosiche or Petersilic in German, Tamcha in Hebrew, Turboloya or zamatos turbolya in Hungarian, Kerfill in Icelandic, Cerfoglio in Italian, Kjorvel or Hagekjorvel in Norwegian, Trybula Ogrodowda in Polish, Certolho in Portuguese, Kervel in Russian, Perifollo or Certafolia in Spanish and Korvel, Dansk Korvel or Tradgardskorvel in Swedish.
Chervil herb blooms in between months of May and August. The plant smells like Anise and tastes like a combination of Pepper and Anise. The leaves are most often used fresh but can be preserved as well. There are two distinct types of Chervil herbs, Salad chervil and Turnip-rooted chervil.
Uses of Chervil Herb
Chervil is a very powerful herb and has been used for its medicinal and aromatic purposes for centuries. It falls in the category of “fines herbes” and is considered a staple in classic French cooking. Chervil herb, dandelion and watercress are together used to rejuvenate body from the impact of winter. Chervil is used as:
- an expectorant,
- a stimulant,
- dissolver of congealed blood,
- healer of eczema,
- an aid to relieve hiccoughs and sluggish digestion,
- a soothing eye wash,
- a cure for high blood pressure, gout, kidney stones, pleurisy, dropsy and menstrual problems.
Cultivation and Production of Chervil Herb
Chervil herb is hardy annual. It grows to a height of 25-70 cms and a width of 30 cms. It originated in Southern Europe. It is largely cultivated in Europe and Asia, but can be found in other places as well. It has been cultivated in England since 1597 and in America since 1806. But it can be found growing in many places suitable to its cultivation.
Chervil herb grows well in fertile and moisture rich soil having good drainage. Turnip rooted chervil is more adaptable and grows well in soil having pH value around 6.5. It is a cold season crop but can grow well in temperate climates as well. In cool climate it requires a warm location and shelter from frost. In warm climate it requires partial shade.
Before sowing, seeds of Chervil herb are bedded in damp sand for few weeks. The seeds are sown during March to April in temperate regions and during October in Tropical and Sub-tropical regions. Approximately 3 kg seeds are sown in one hectare of land. The plants are thinned when they achieve a height of 7-8 cm. Well decomposed farmyard manure or leaf mould is preferably used along with inorganic fertilizers.
Besides hand weeding weed-killers like influtalin and ethafluralin (1.1 kg/ha), sethoxydim (4.5 kg/ha), linuron (1 kg/ha), chlorobromuron (4.5 kg/ha) and thiobencarb (6–8 kg/ha) are also used to control weeds.
For salads and vegetables, the flowers of Chervil herb should be removed well before harvesting for maximum growth and shoots. The leaves are cut 6 to 8 weeks after sowing. For seed purposes plants are allowed to mature in the field. In one hectare of land, approximately 2.5 to 3.0 tonnes of yield is expected or 500-700 kg of seeds.
Pests and Diseases
Aphids, thrips and some soft-bodied sucking insects can impact the yield of Chervil herb. They can be controlled using botanical insecticides such as Rotenone, Pyrethrum, Ryania sulfur, etc. Rotetone is a popular insecticide which is diluted in water and sprayed. Trichoderma spp. is used to control root rot, while Melathion is sprayed to control Aphids. Pyrethrum is a very expensive botanical which provides a rapid knockdown of many types of insects.
Diseases associated with Chervil herb are Powdery mildew, Root rot and viral infections causing Anthriscus yellow, Mottling, Leaf necrosis, Dwarfing and Malformation. Powdery mildew is controlled by spraying Wettable sulphur whereas Root rot is controlled using seed treatment with Agroson and Bavistin.
GFN Food Sales – Bulk Herbs and Herb Wholesalers
We are herb wholesalers and supply finest quality of herbs at reasonable rates. If you are looking for bulk herbs or a specific herb then do call us at 323-203-1633 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Our sales team will assist you in every possible way.